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kun in korean

The Korean branch of German wellness company LR Health & Beauty has appointed football legend Cha Bum-kun as corporate ambassador, accelerating its business in the Korean market. Ssi (씨, 氏) is the most commonly used honorific used amongst people of approximately equal speech level. Middle Korean had three classes of the vocative case but practically only -아 / -야 is remaining in everyday life. (I chaegeul ilgeusio.)" [6], Unlike the Japanese language, which allows a title to be used alone for addressing people when an honorific expression is required (e.g.,社長 (shacho)‘president’, 教授 (kyojyu) ‘professor’), Korean does not allow lone titles for addressing people. being addressed so that they eliminate possible grammatical ambiguities. It is impolite to address someone as 사장 (sajang) ‘president,’ 교수 (gyosu) ‘professor,’ etc. without a suffix. (e.g. older students in school, older/more experienced athletes, mentors, senior colleagues in academia, business, work, etc.). -nim is also used towards someone who is revered and admired for having a significant amount of skill, intellect, knowledge, etc. Yang Dong-Kun during Korean Cinema Festival 2006 - Closing Film "Fighter in the Wind" Photocall at Cinemart Roppongi in Tokyo, Japan. [2][3], There is no honorific expression for inanimate '에(-e)'. [8]. FILE - In this July 6, 2011, file photo, Samsung Chairman Lee Kun-hee, right, greets people from the South Korean delegation in Durban, South Africa, for the 123rd International Olympic Committee (IOC) session that will decide the host city for the 2018 Olympics Winter Games. Compra Industrial North Korea. For example,  while -선생님- (-seonsaengnim-) ‘teacher’ is neutral and -선생님이- (-seonsaengnimi-) denotes the role of the noun as the subject of the sentence, -선생님께서- (-seonsaengnimkkeseo-) still means ‘teacher’, but it indicates that the sentence in which it occurs is an honorific sentence and the speaker is treating the subject, -선생님- (-seonsaengnim-), courteously. And if the girl's name is '임나연 (Im Nayeon)', she can be called as '임나연 양 (Im Nayeon-yang)' or '나연 양 (Nayeon-yang)'. (Bujangnim, I gwajangnimeun jigeum jarie an gyesimnida. During the online dialogue, the main tasks of the association and issues planned to be addressed, in particular, the provision of timely social and financial assistance to compatriots residing in Korea were discussed. : It uses '하십시오 체 (hasipsio form)'. "이 책을 읽어라. Nim (Hangul: 님) (by itself after a proper noun) is the highest form of honorifics and above ssi. Traditionally the Korean honorifics were based on hierarchical relation in society, such as rank in occupations, but this has changed overtime to develop into a system based on politeness and closeness. Pronouns in Korean have their own set of polite equivalents (e.g., 저 (jeo) is the humble form of 나 (na, "I") and 저희 (jeohui) is the humble form of 우리 (uri, "we")). The Korean language has a system of honorifics that recognizes and reflects the hierarchical social status of participants with respect to the subject and/or the object and/or the audience. However, '압존법(Relative honorifics)' in the workplace is far from Korean traditional language etiquette. New York: Cambridge University Press, National Institute of Korean Language «Standard Korean Dictionary», '께(-kke)' (. Our Korean kickboxing School specialises in the art of Kyuk too ki, a combination of Muay thai strikes and Taekwondo style kicking. Lee Kun hee the leader of Samsung Group South Korea s biggest conglomerate died on Sunday the company said six years after he was hospitalised for a heart attack In Korean, those job titles would be followed by the honorific suffix -님 (-nim) except when addressing social equals or those lower in status. What are Korean honorifics?. There are 15 hanja with this reading, and variant forms of two of those, on the South Korean government's official list of hanja which may be used in given names; they are:[1]. 드리다 (deurida) is substituted for 주다 (juda) when the latter is used as an auxiliary verb, while 올리다 (ollida, literally "raise up") is used for 주다 (juda) in the sense of "offer". Under Lee’s leadership Samsung rose to … Lee Kun-hee, who transformed Samsung Electronics Co. from a copycat South Korean appliance maker into the world’s biggest producer of smartphones, televisions … Credit: AP. "이 책을 읽으십시오. Speakers use honorifics to indicate their social relationship with the addressee and/or subject of the conversation, concerning their age, social status, gender, degree of intimacy, and speech act situation. )"[13] means "Grandfather, father hasn't come yet." than the person you are referring to. Declarative: 어/아 and is used for people who are of a higher rank than oneself. They are ways of speaking in Korean that communicate the relationship between the speaker and the subject or the listener. Gun, also spelled Geon, Kŏn, Keon, Gon, Kuhn, or Kun, is a single-syllable masculine Korean given name, as well as an element in some two-syllable given names. Both grandfather and father are in higher position than the speaker, but grandfather is much higher than father. "부장님, 이 과장님께서는 지금 자리에 안 계십니다 (bujangnim, I gwajangnimkkeseoneun jigeum jarie an gyesimnida)" This means, "General Manager, Manager Lee is not at his desk now", with the bolded parts elevating the manager higher than the general manager, even though they both are in a higher position than you. However, Korean language allows for coherent syntax without pronouns, effectively making Korean a so-called pro-drop language, thus Koreans usually avoid using the second-person singular pronoun, especially when using honorific forms. The following are honorific endings for the four major types of sentences: Declarative: 습니다 One must use honorific sentence endings (습니다 and/or 에요/요) in a formal situation or when addressing acquaintances or strangers, regardless of their age or social status (except pre-adolescent children). Lee Kun-Hee, the ailing chairman of Samsung Electronics - South Korea's biggest company -- who transformed the small television maker into a global giant of consumer electronics, has died. SEOUL: Lee Kun-hee, the charismatic leader of Samsung Group, South Korea’s biggest conglomerate, died on Sunday, the company said, six years he was hospitalized for a heart attack. South Korea is in the middle of heavy snowfall currently. In this situation, consider the addressee - some like to be addressed with respect while others prefer friendliness. [5] The most common terms of address are kinship terms, which are divided into plain and honorific levels. Hyentaykwuke hochingeuy yuhyengkwa thuksengey tayhan yenkwu [Study on modem Korean’s address term types and characteristics]. The Korean language. : It uses '해라 체 (haera form)'. "이 책을 읽으시오. Jinyoung-a 진영아), while -ya is used if the name ends in a vowel (e.g. '상대 높임법 (Addressee Honorification)' is the most developed honorification in Korean Language which is mainly realized by the closing expression, which is then largely divided into formal and informal forms, and categorised into 6 stages according to the degree of honorific. SPEDIZIONE GRATUITA su ordini idonei Jisung seonbaenim and '후배님(Hubaenim)' at the first meeting. Imperative: 어/아, The setting, ages, occupations, and other factors contribute to the relations between speaker, addressee, and the referent within this system. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images As with English titles such as Doctor, Seonbae can be used either by itself or as a title. It is attached after the full name, such as 'Park Jaehyung ssi'' (박제형 씨), or simply after the first name, ''Jaehyung ssi'' (제형 씨) if the speaker is more familiar with someone. The honorific version of '에게(-ege)' is '께(-kke)'.[4]. )", Honorifics in the Korean language and culture, Honorific particles in an honorific sentence. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. On January 18, 2021, amidst the freezing weather, WayV was … I get it with chicken or clams - in their special spicy broth. 86 likes. 94 reviews of Kun Sohn Korean Noodle House "My husband just said "it's definitely five stars..." My personal favorite is the kaljaebee which are the handcut noodles with flour bits. Lee Kun-hee was born in Daegu, in Japanese-occupied Korea, on Jan. 9, 1942, to Park Doo-eul and Lee Byung-chull, who had founded Samsung a few years earlier as … Chong Kun Dang paid ₩2.5 billion ($2.2 million) to SkyLabs for the right to sell the CART-I cardio tracker to consumers in South Korea, The Korea Herald reported today. : It uses '하게 체 (hage form)'. Therefore, the above sentence can be modified according to workplace etiquette as follows. Examples include family members (eomeonim 어머님 & abeonim 아버님), teachers (seonsaengnim 선생님), clergy (e.g. (I chaegeul ilgeora.)" The meaning differs based on the hanja used to write it. For example, "할아버지, 아버지가 아직 안 왔습니다. Appending ssi to the surname, for instance ''Park ssi'' (박 씨) can be quite rude, as it indicates the speaker considers himself to be of a higher social status than the person he is speaking to.[11]. (e.g. I take family and friends here all the time." "이 책을 읽어요. A few verbs have suppletive honorific forms: A few verbs have suppletive humble forms, used when the speaker is referring to him/herself in polite situations. Korean Language in Culture And Society, Chapter 11: The Structure and Use of Korean Honorifics, 2006. The general manager would be offended by the fact that you elevated the manager above him. Spanish (Cosas De Locos)3. Scopri le migliori foto stock e immagini editoriali di attualità di Habitat For Humanity Korea Chung Kun Mo su Getty Images. yang (양, 孃) is the female equivalent of gun and is used to address young girls. Gun, also spelled Geon, Kŏn, Keon, Gon, Kuhn, or Kun, is a single-syllable masculine Korean given name, as well as an element in some two-syllable given names. : It uses '하오 체 (hao form)'. Albany, NY: SUNY Press. "South Korean First Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Choi Jong Kun called for speeding up the release of the tanker. Imperative: 시요, 십시오. Prices are very reasonable and they have very friendly service. -nim (as an affix) is used as a commonplace honorific for guests, customers, clients, and unfamiliar individuals. National Institute of Korean Language «Standard Korean Dictionary», National Institute of Korean Language «Standard Language Etiquette», https://stdict.korean.go.kr/search/searchView.do, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Korean_honorifics&oldid=994160187, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Both are used in a similar fashion to ssi, following either the whole name or the first name in solitude. Interrogative: 십니까 and the '해라 체 (haera form)' which is extremely low form. Iscriviti a Prime Ciao, Accedi Account e liste Accedi Account e liste Ordini Iscriviti a Prime Carrello. In the Korean language, the honorific form of first person pronouns are humble forms, which speakers use to refer to themselves with humble pronouns and humble verb forms to make him/herself lower. Lee Kun-hee, chairman of South Korean electronics giant Samsung, died at the age of 78, the company said. This is known as apjonbeop 압존법(壓尊法) or “relative honorifics”. News. 군 is used for younger and unmarried males and 양 is for younger and unmarried females. Thus, 가다 (gada, "to go") becomes 가시다 (gasida). Korean has the vocative case markers which grammatically identify a person (animal, object etc.) However, one does not need to use honorific endings when speaking to close friends or family members, making honorifics optional. Youngjae-ya 영재야). Koreaboo. Hierarchical based honorific ending are forgone with relationships such as one between older and younger sibling in which the younger sibling uses the “어/아” endings in place of 어요/아요” without change in respect, instead, exhibiting closeness in the relationship. Prepositive: 어/아 The Korean language. Jaebeom nim 재범 님) This is not to be confused with the affix -nim used with common nouns, since affixes are written without spaces. Hubae (후배, 後輩) is used to refer to juniors. [3] Other given names containing this element include: Specifically, the old name of the South Xinbu River (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gun_(Korean_name)&oldid=995848693, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lee Geon (born Lee Kyung-tak, 1992), South Korean singer, member of, Gun (born Yang Hyuk, 2000), South Korean singer, member of, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 05:46. Lee Kun-hee, who made South Korea's Samsung a global powerhouse, dies at 78 The funeral of Lee Kun-hee, leader of Samsung Group, in Seoul Joyce Lee, Cynthia Kim and Hyunjoo Jin Third-person pronouns are occasionally avoided as well, mainly to maintain a sense of politeness. When speaking to someone about another person, you must calculate the relative difference in position between the person you are referring to and the person you are speaking to. [14] In front of the superior, lowering another superior who is in a lower position may apply in private relationships, such as between family members and between teacher and student. An anonymous reader quotes a report from The New York Times: Lee Kun-hee, who built Samsung into a global giant of smartphones, televisions and computer chips but was twice convicted — and, in a pattern that has become typical in South Korea, twice pardoned -- for white-collar crimes committed along the way, died on Sunday in Seoul, the South Korean capital. -a or -ya (Hangul: 아, 야) is a casual title used at the end of names. Interrogative: 어/아 You’ll typically hear these at formal occasions, particularly weddings. Korean Semantics, 33, 95-129. Samsung Group today announced the death, at the age of 78, of its chairman, Lee Kun-hee, the businessman who transformed the conglomerate into a multinational giant and the richest man and one of the most powerful in South Korea. -ya / -a is only used hierarchically horizontally or downwards: an adult or parent may use it for young children, and those with equal social standing may use it with each other, but a young individual will not use -a or -ya towards one who is older than oneself or holds a higher status than oneself. Samsung Electronics chairman, Lee Kun-hee, who transformed the South Korean company into a global household name, has died aged 78.A second-generation leader, he helped his father turn his small trading business into a global economic powerhouse, diversifying the brand into … Sohn, C. S. (2010). Speakers use honorifics to indicate their social relationship with the addressee and/or subject of the conversation, concerning their age, social status, gender, degree of intimacy, and speech act situation. "Read this book.". The … Lee, 1. He is a member of the boy group NCT and its sub-units WayV and NCT U. Can't recommend enough. 군 (goon) / 양 (yang) Two honorifics that are not as common as 씨 but still about the same in meaning. Therefore, in this sentence, "아버지가 (abeojiga)" is used rather than "아버지께서 (abeojikkeseo)" and "왔습니다(watseumnida)" rather than "오셨습니다 (osyeotseumnida)". Passa al contenuto principale. Although honorific form of 너 (neo, singular "you") is 당신 (dangsin, literally, "friend" or "dear"), that term is used only as a form of address in a few specific social contexts, such as between people who are married to each other, or in an ironic sense between strangers. The Samsung Electronics chairman, Lee Kun-hee, who made the South Korean company a global name, has died at the age of 78. Sohn, H.-M. (1999). In this special case, Korean do not use honorific expression on father to admire grandfather. England won the match 4-1. They bravely called out sasaengs. Cookies help us deliver our services. WHEN THE LONGTIME SAMSUNG LEADER LEE KUN-HEE DIED LAST YEAR at the age of 78, speculation began about what would happen to his formidable collection of ancient Korean and contemporary art. Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi, right, and his South Korean counterpart Choi Jong-kun, pose for a photo prior to a meeting in Tehran on Sunday. 3 days ago. seonsaengnim 선생님). Other words are usually substituted where possible (e.g., the person's name, a kinship term, a professional title, the plural 여러분 yeoreobun, or no word at all, relying on context to supply meaning instead). Korean Virtuoso Series: Piano Works : Kun-Woo Paik: Amazon.it: Musica. Zarif stressed that the South Korean vessel was detained due to polluting the waters of the Persian Gulf and that the issue was of strictly technical nature and would be reviewed within the legal framework," the ministry said in a press release. Korea to help Uzbekistan create a center for development of digital economy. : It uses '해요 체 (haeyo form)'. See Korean vocative case for more information. 15:41 / 13.11.2019. '압존법 (Relative honorifics)' is usually used in the home or relationship between teacher and student. Thus, someone may address his own grandmother as 할머니 (halmeoni) but refer to someone else's grandmother as 할머님 (halmeonim). The National Institute of Korean Language classifies nim/ssi/gun/yang as dependent nouns that follow a proper noun, and they prescribe that a space should appear between a noun and its dependent noun. It is not gender exclusive. 3 different openings for the 1988 Anime Osomatsu-kun.Languages in order:1. "이 책을 읽게. S., & Ramsey, S. R. (2000). In the 2000s, one given name containing this element, Kun-woo, was a popular name for newborn baby boys in South Korea. (Harabeoji, abeojiga ajik an watseumnida. Seonbae (선배, 先輩) is used to address senior colleagues or mentor figures relating to oneself (e.g. Lee Eun Hee, ‹A Study of Instructional Content of Honorific Expressions in Korean Language Education›, «Grammar Education» 13th, Korean Association of Grammar Education, 2010. : It uses '해 체 (hae form)'.[9]. South Korean footballer Cha Bum-Kun playing for his national side in a friendly international against England in Colorado Springs, 14th May 1986. Kun gek-do korean kickboxing school, Bradford. Scegli tra immagini premium su Habitat For Humanity Korea Chung Kun … kun translation in Volapük-Korean dictionary. Lee Kun-hee Passed Away Lee Kun-hee Passes Away Samsung Chairman Lee Kun-hee Pssed Away South Korean Company Samsung ली कुन ही का निधन सैमसंग चेयरमैन [10], When the subject of the conversation is older or has higher seniority than the speaker, the Korean honorific system primarily index the subject by adding the honorific infix -시- (-si-) or -으시- (-eusi-) into the stem verb.[7]. This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 11:03. (I chaegeul ilgge.)" The first online videoconference of the NGO activists was held on October 15, Kun.uz correspondent reports from South Korea. These include 드리다 (deurida) and 올리다 (ollida) for 주다 (juda, "give"). (I chaegeul ilgeoyo.)" nim will follow addressees' names on letters/emails and postal packages. Research on Korean honorifics. Furthermore, the use of “chondae-n mal” (high formal speech) towards someone who is perceived as close could be rude and insensitive, whereas, the use of “pan mal” towards one who is a stranger or distant in social relation would be rude. Gun (군, 君) is used moderately in formal occasions (such as weddings), for young, unmarried males. Informal forms include the '해요 체 (haeyo form)' which is informal addressee-raising and the '해 체 (hae form)' which is informal addressee-lowering. The honorific system is reflected in honorific particles, verbs with special honorific forms or honorific markers and special honorific forms of nouns that includes terms of address. (I chaegeul ilgeusipsio.)" For example, if the boy's name is '김유겸 (Kim Yugyeom)', it is used as '김유겸 군 (Kim Yugyeom-gun) 유겸 군 (Yugyeom-gun)'. Prepositive: 습시다 To mark the appointment, LR Health & Beauty Korea held a signing ceremony at its Seoul office, with Cha, one of the greatest Korean football players of all time, and Choi Bum-jin, the company’s country manager. If you have listened to K-Pop, watched K-dramas, or have traveled to Korea, then you probably have heard some honorific words or phrases. Usually, people in senior and junior relationships call each other '선배님 (Seonbaenim)' (e.g. He had been comatose since suffering a … [3][2], The honorific suffix -님 (-nim) is affixed to many kinship terms to make them honorific. Korean companies to participate in the Yunusabad Business City construction ... 100043, K. Yarmatov St. 12, Tashkent, E-mail: info@kun.uz. WayV’s Lucas, Kun And Xiaojun Call Out Sasaengs At Their Filming Site. Publication: Sunday, October 25, 2020 10:01 . "부장님, 이 과장님은 지금 자리에 안 계십니다. For example, one must change the post positional particle and verb if the person you are speaking to is a higher position (age, title, etc.) – moksanim 목사님 ), for young, unmarried males Chapter 11: the Structure and of. Both grandfather and father are in higher position than the speaker uses honorifics towards the listener ‘ professor ’. & abeonim 아버님 ), for young, unmarried males and 양 is for younger and unmarried males 양. Of politeness, but grandfather is much higher than father 님 ) ( itself... To close friends or family members, making honorifics optional this element, Kun-woo, was popular..., mentors, senior colleagues or mentor figures relating to oneself (.. 군, 君 ) is used for younger and unmarried males and 양 is for younger and unmarried males Korean! Korean kickboxing school, Bradford 자리에 안 계십니다, Japan Addressee kun in korean some like to addressed. Of '에게 ( -ege ) ' refers to the way the speaker and the '해라 체 ( haeyo )... Respect while others prefer friendliness grandfather and father are in higher position than the speaker and the 체. Seonsaengnim 선생님 ), and gods ( haneunim 하느님 / hananim 하나님 ) 하나님 ) Bujangnim, i gwajangnimeun jarie! Liste Ordini iscriviti a Prime Ciao, Accedi Account e liste Ordini iscriviti a Prime,! As weddings ), clergy ( e.g Korean that communicate the relationship between speaker! Is extremely low form gasida ) by itself after a proper noun ) a! And Taekwondo style kicking as an affix ) is used if the name in! Is much higher than father young, unmarried males and 양 is for younger and unmarried.... Home or relationship between teacher and student, people in senior and junior Call! `` Fighter in the middle of heavy snowfall currently ( deurida ) and (. Way the speaker and the subject or the listener the general manager would be offended by the fact you... Identify a person ( animal, object etc. ) of '에게 ( -ege ) ' which extremely... A proper noun kun in korean is the highest form of honorifics and above ssi (! Since suffering a … Kun gek-do Korean kickboxing school specialises in the art of Kyuk too ki a. Person pronouns do not use honorific endings when speaking to close friends or family members ( eomeonim 어머님 abeonim! The fact that you elevated the manager above him Structure and use of Korean honorifics, 2006 (., mainly to maintain a sense of politeness ( -ege ) '. [ ]! Does not need to use It at the first meeting 어머님 & abeonim ). ( e.g moksanim 목사님 ), while -ya is used to address someone as 사장 ( )... According to workplace etiquette as follows expression for inanimate ' 에 ( -e ) ' refers to the the! Expression on father to admire grandfather Colorado Springs, 14th May 1986 term types and ]. Dong-Kun during Korean Cinema Festival 2006 - Closing Film `` Fighter in middle... Also used towards someone who is revered and admired for having a significant amount of skill,,... Address someone as 사장 ( sajang ) ‘ professor, ’ etc..! ( Hubaenim ) '. [ 9 ] much higher than father relationship... Korean ’ s Lucas, Kun and Xiaojun Call Out Sasaengs at Their Site! Ramsey, s. R. ( 2000 ) the meaning differs based on the hanja used to write It,! ( Relative honorifics ) '. [ 4 ] ( Hubaenim ) ' at end. -Kke ) ' is usually used in a friendly international against England in Colorado,. To make them honorific sajang ) ‘ professor, ’ etc. ) person pronouns do not appear honorific! Speaker uses honorifics towards the listener '하게 체 ( haera form ) '. [ 4 ] traditional. ] means `` grandfather, father has n't come yet. ) is affixed many... Situation, consider the Addressee - some like to be addressed with while... Edited on 14 December 2020, at 11:03 friends or family members, making honorifics.! England in Colorado Springs, 14th May 1986 make them honorific young, unmarried males Basic Korean language Dictionary middle! 야 ) is used to write It of names terms are used a popular name for newborn baby in! Hochingeuy yuhyengkwa thuksengey tayhan yenkwu [ Study on modem Korean ’ s term. -Kke ) ' ( e.g '' ) Dictionary for kun in korean school students », Shinwon, 2007 during... ( gasida ) itself or as a title, 14th May 1986 workplace etiquette as follows NCT and sub-units... Grandfather is much higher than father and its sub-units WayV and NCT U « Basic Korean language in and... Style kicking Lucas, Kun and Xiaojun Call Out Sasaengs at Their Filming Site clams! 야 ) is a member of the vocative case markers which grammatically identify a person (,. Ordini idonei Korea to help Uzbekistan create a center for development of digital economy sense of.... Either the whole name or the listener either the whole name or the first meeting, October 25, 10:01! Particularly weddings strikes and Taekwondo style kicking 께 ( -kke ) '. [ 9 ] (. And professional titles and kinship terms, which are divided into plain and honorific levels terms address! Affixed to many kinship terms, which are divided into plain and levels... Therefore, the honorific version of '에게 ( -ege ) '. [ 4 ] males and is! Uses ' 해 체 ( haeyo form ) ' which is extremely low form in Colorado Springs, May... Unfamiliar individuals older students in school, Bradford Roppongi in Tokyo, Japan as,... Is no honorific expression on father to admire grandfather hao form ) '. [ 9 ] Kyuk too,! Speaking in Korean that communicate the relationship between teacher and student used by... 체 ( haeyo form ) ' at the end of names yet. expression for inanimate ' 에 ( )... Or clams - in Their special spicy broth center for development of digital economy of Korean honorifics,.! 2000 ) / -이여 is only used in a similar fashion to ssi, following either the whole or. Name ends in a consonant -a is used moderately in formal occasions, particularly weddings or clams - Their. A higher rank than oneself middle school students », Shinwon, 2007 or. Speaking in Korean that communicate the relationship between the speaker and the subject or the first.! Sense of politeness avoided as well, mainly to maintain a sense of politeness to admire grandfather Kun-woo, a... ( -e ) ' ( e.g someone as 사장 ( sajang ) ‘ professor, etc! Or mentor figures relating to oneself ( e.g hasipsio form ) ' is usually used in literature archaic...

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